Президент Ірану назвав Трампа «торговцем», що не розбирається в міжнародних справах

Президент Ірану Хасан Роугані розкритикував заяву лідерів США і Франції Дональда Трампа і Емманюеля Макрона щодо можливої нової ядерної угоди з Тегераном. 

Про намір обох сторін брати участь у виробленні нової угоди щодо іранської ядерної програми Трамп і Макрон заявили за підсумками переговорів в Білому домі 24 квітня. 

«Разом із лідером однієї європейської країни вони (американці – ред.) кажуть: «Ми хочемо ухвалювати рішення щодо угоди, досягнутої сімома сторонами», – сказав Роугані у телепромові 25 квітня. 

Президент Ірану також назвав президента США недосвідченим у політиці торговцем. «Ви не маєте жодного досвіду в політиці, у праві… Як може торговець, комерсант, будівельник робити судження про міжнародні справи», – додав Роугані. 

Дональд Трамп довгий час критикує ядерну угоду, укладену шістьма державами з Іраном. До 12 травня він повинен або відновити дію санкцій проти Ірану, що буде означати вихід США з угоди, або продовжити мораторій на них. 

Угода з Іраном підписали в липні 2015 року Велика Британія, Німеччина, Китай, Росія, США і Франція. Москва і Пекін виступають проти перегляду її умов. 

 

 

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Данського винахідника засудили довічно за вбивство журналістки Кім Валль

Суд у Копенгагені засудив данського винахідника Петера Мадсена до довічного ув’язнення в справі про вбивство шведської журналістки Кім Валль на підводному човні.

Судді заявили, що Мадсен не надав пояснень, які «заслуговують довіри».

Сам винахідник стверджував, що Валль випадково загинула на підводному човні, коли він був на верхній палубі під час екскурсії. Водночас він визнав, що розчленував її тіло і викинув останки в море.

У січні данські слідчі висунули остаточне звинувачення винахідникові Петеру Мадсену у вбивстві шведської журналістки Кім Валль, насильницьких діях сексуального характеру (з обтяжувальними обставинами) і розчленуванні. Слідчі заявляють, що Мадсен спланував убивство, ймовірно, перерізавши горло журналістці або задушивши її.

Жіноче тіло без голови виявили 21 серпня 2017 року поблизу Копенгагена. Його ідентифікували як останки зниклої шведської журналістки Кім Валль. Тіло виявили приблизно за 50 кілометрів на південь від данської столиці, і поліція сказала, що тіло було розчленоване навмисно.

30-річну Валль не бачили від часу, коли 10 серпня вона піднялася на підводний човен данського винахідника Петера Мадсена, щоб провести інтерв’ю з ним. Через день з’явилися повідомлення про зникнення журналістки, а Мадсен був врятований до того, як затонув його підводний човен.

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Confirmation Hearing Delayed for Trump’s Pick for VA Chief

Senate lawmakers have indefinitely delayed the confirmation hearing for President Donald Trump’s pick to lead the sprawling Veterans Affairs agency, Rear Admiral Ronny Jackson, the White House physician, after serious allegations surfaced accusing him of professional and personal misconduct.

Jackson had been scheduled to testify Wednesday before the Senate Veteran Affairs Committee, but the hearing was called off as lawmakers considered as yet unsubstantiated allegations made by whistleblowers accusing him of overseeing a toxic work environment at the White House and excessive drinking.

Both Republican and Democratic senators agreed to postpone the hearing so a more thorough investigation of his background could be conducted.

“We take very seriously our constitutional duty to thoroughly and carefully vet each nominee sent to the Senate for confirmation,” the committee chairman, Republican Senator Johnny Isakson, and the panel’s top Democrat, Senator Jon Tester, said in a statement. “We will continue looking into these serious allegations and have requested additional information from the White House to enable the committee to conduct a full review.”

Another senator, Democrat Ed Markey, told CNN, “Clearly, there was no comprehensive vetting of this nominee” by the White House before Trump nominated him to the Cabinet position. “Let’s stop, let’s learn more of his background both professionally and personally.”

Jackson, who currently serves as Trump’s physician, already was facing scrutiny over his lack of experience managing an agency as large as the VA. With 377,000 employees, it’s the U.S. government’s second-largest agency.

Jackson gained a degree of fame unusual for White House physicians earlier this year when he took questions from the White House press corps on national television, gushing at length about Trump’s health after conducting the president’s physical exam.

Trump, the oldest first-term president in American history, was plagued at the time by questions about his physical health, weight and mental stability. But Jackson gave the president a top rating. “The president’s overall health is excellent,” Jackson declared at the time.

Trump picked Jackson to replace David Shulkin, a holdover from the administration of former president Barack Obama, whom Trump fired.

Amidst the allegations surfacing against Jackson, the White House has continued to stick by his nomination.

On Tuesday, a White House spokesman said, “Admiral Jackson has been on the front lines of deadly combat and saved the lives of many others in service to this country. He has served as the physician to three presidents – Republican and Democrat – and been praised by them all. Admiral Jackson’s record of strong, decisive leadership is exactly what’s needed at the VA to ensure our veterans receive the benefits they deserve.”

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Trump Welcomes Macron with Military Pageantry

U.S. President Donald Trump welcomed French President Emmanuel Macron to the White House on Tuesday with military pageantry, just ahead of talks on world issues where the two leaders disagree.

On a gray Washington morning, Trump celebrated two centuries of friendship and military alliances between the two countries, thanking Macron for joining the U.S. and Britain in a recent missile attack on Syria in response to Damascus’s suspected use of chemical weapons.

“Now is the time for strength, so let us be strong, let us be united, let us honor our past and face our future with confidence and with pride,” Trump said. “And let the United States and France stand forever in solidarity for the noble cause of liberty and peace.”

Macron, unlike Trump, mentioned several global issues they planned to discuss in their private talks, the threat of global terrorism, North Korea’s nuclear weapons development and the 2015 international pact restraining Iran’s nuclear program.

“It is together that the United States and France will defeat terrorism,” Macron said. “It is together we will build a new form of prosperity.”

Later, as they gathered for talks at the White House, Trump referred to the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement as “terrible deal” while Macron said the pact was “important” and will be a focus of talks.

Trump said, “Iran seems to be behind everything [in the Middle East] where there is a problem.The Iran deal is a disaster. What kind of a deal is it where they’re allowed to test missiles.”

He said if Iran restarts nuclear testing, “They will have a bigger problem than they’ve ever had before.”

Trump has constantly called the nuclear pact a bad agreement. He faces a May 12 deadline to again waive economic sanctions against Iran as part of the deal.Macron supports the pact and is trying to convince Trump to not abrogate next month.

The two leaders are also discussing other thorny issues where they differ: Trump’s stated plan to withdraw U.S. troops from Syria at a time Macron wants a continued U.S. presence, the U.S. leader’s intention to withdraw from the Paris climate change agreement and Trump’s plan to impose tariffs on aluminum and steel imports that could curtail European exports of the metals.

Trump takes great pride in his friendship with Macron, which is one of the reasons he invited the French president to be his guest for the first state visit of a foreign leader in his administration.

“This visit is very important in our current context, with so many uncertainties, troubles, and at times, threats,” Macron said upon arriving in Washington.

Earlier Tuesday, a 21-gun salute echoed across the South Lawn of the White House in a welcoming ceremony that included nearly 500 service members from all five branches of the U.S. military, including a drum and fife corps.

In the evening, Trump and first lady Melania Trump are hosting the first state dinner of the Trump presidency in honor of Macron and his wife, Brigitte Macron, with entertainment by the Washington National Opera.

Meanwhile, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani told supporters Tuesday there would be severe consequences if the United States withdraws from the nuclear agreement.

Benham Ben Taliblu, an Iran analyst with the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies, told VOA if the United States pulled out, the Iranian reaction would depend on the way in which that happens.

“If the U.S. pulls out with a statement that says the U.S. is abrogating all its commitments under the deal, then I think the Iranians would look to try to try to create some sort of leverage, restart part of their nuclear program, but most importantly the Iranians would sic the Europeans and the international community on America and try to isolate America,” he said.

Macron has said he knows the deal with Iran is not perfect but said there is no “Plan B.”

Trump also has until May 1 to waive tariffs on European steel and aluminum imports or face a possible trade war.

The French president will also likely talk to Trump about what Macron said is the importance of U.S. forces remaining in Syria. Trump has talked about withdrawing Americans from northern Syria. Macron said that would increase the risk of giving up Syria to the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and Iran.

Macron will address Congress on Wednesday before heading back to Paris.

Victor Beattie contributed.

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Завершився розгляд апеляції Караджича на вирок Міжнародного трибуналу щодо Югославії

Механізм міжнародних кримінальних трибуналів ООН 23-24 квітня розглянув апеляції колишнього лідера боснійських сербів Радована Караджича на вирок Міжнародного трибуналу щодо колишньої Югославії (МТКЮ).

Апеляція Караджича включає 50 підстав. Зокрема, він намагається довести, що трибунал створив некерований судовий процес, не зміг здійснити справедливого судового розгляду, і нібито помилково зробив висновок, що Караджич «поділяв загальну мету злочинної групи», а також, що суд помилився у своїй оцінці злочину захоплення заручників і не застосував норми закону про збройний конфлікт до бойових дій у Сараєво.

Караджич вимагає виправдання або нового судового розгляду.

У свою чергу, прокурор теж надав свою апеляцію, у якій вважає, що трибунал помилково виправдав Караджича за однією зі статей злочину геноциду (убивства мусульман у 7 муніципалітетах Боснії). Прокурор вважає, що Караджич має бути визнаний винним за цією статтею та засуджений до довічного позбавлення волі.

«Рішення щодо апеляції, можливо, буде ухвалене до кінця року», – сказав Радіо Свобода обвинувач і керівник слідчої групи Міжнародного кримінального трибуналу у справах колишньої Югославії (1994–2010 роки) Володимир Точиловський.

Міжнародний трибунал щодо колишній Югославії виніс вирок Караджичу у березні 2016 року, визнавши його винним у геноциді, воєнних злочинах та злочинах про людяності та призначив покарання у 40 років ув’язнення.

Серед 11 пунктів обвинувачення, висунутих лідеру боснійських сербів, два стосувалися геноциду – різанини у Сребрениці, коли у липні 1995 року були убиті майже 8 тисяч хлопчиків і чоловіків – боснійських мусульман, а також облоги Сараєва, що тривала 44 місяці під час Боснійської війни 1992-1995 років.

Усього ж під час війни на Балканах у 1992-1995 роках загинуло понад 100 тисяч людей, а близько 2,2 мільйона змушені були залишити свої будинки.

Міжнародний кримінальний трибунал щодо колишньої Югославії офіційно припинив роботу у грудні 2017 року.

Після цього юрисдикцію Міжнародного трибуналу щодо колишньої Югославії (МТКЮ) та Міжнародного кримінального трибуналу щодо Руанди (МКТР) продовжує Механізм міжнародних кримінальних судів ООН.

Механізм уповноважений здійснювати судове переслідування осіб, яким винесли вироки Міжнародні трибунали щодо подій у Руанді й колишній Югославії.

 

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Cambridge Analytica Fights Back on Data Scandal

Cambridge Analytica unleashed its counterattack against claims that it misused data from millions of Facebook accounts, saying Tuesday it is the victim of misunderstandings and inaccurate reporting that portrays the company as the evil villain in a James Bond movie.

Clarence Mitchell, a high-profile publicist recently hired to represent the company, held Cambridge Analytica’s first news conference since allegations surfaced that the Facebook data helped Donald Trump win the 2016 presidential election. Christopher Wylie, a former employee of Cambridge Analytica’s parent, also claims that the company has links to the successful campaign to take Britain out of the European Union.

“The company has been portrayed in some quarters as almost some Bond villain,” Mitchell said. “Cambridge Analytica is no Bond villain.”

Cambridge Analytica didn’t use any of the Facebook data in the work it did for Trump’s campaign and it never did any work on the Brexit campaign, Mitchell said. Furthermore, he said, the data was collected by another company that was contractually obligated to follow data protection rules and the information was deleted as soon as Facebook raised concerns.

Mitchell insists the company has not broken any laws, but acknowledged it had commissioned an independent investigation is being conducted. He insisted that the company had been victimized by “wild speculation based on misinformation, misunderstanding, or in some cases, frankly, an overtly political position.”

The comments come weeks after the scandal engulfed both the consultancy and Facebook, which has been embroiled in scandal since revelations that Cambridge Analytica misused personal information from as many as 87 million Facebook accounts. Facebook’s CEO Mark Zuckerberg testified before the U.S. congressional committees and at one point the company lost some $50 billion in value for its shareholders.

Details on the scandal continued to trickle out. On Tuesday, a Cambridge University academic said the suspended CEO of Cambridge Analytica lied to British lawmakers investigating fake news.

Academic Aleksandr Kogan’s company, Global Science Research, developed a Facebook app that vacuumed up data from people who signed up to use the app as well as information from their Facebook friends, even if those friends hadn’t agreed to share their data.

Cambridge Analytica allegedly used the data to profile U.S. voters and target them with ads during the 2016 election to help elect Donald Trump. It denies the charge.

Kogan appeared before the House of Commons’ media committee Tuesday and was asked whether Cambridge Analytica’s suspended CEO, Alexander Nix, told the truth when he testified that none of the company’s data came from Global Science Research.

“That’s a fabrication,” Kogan told committee Chairman Damian Collins. Nix could not immediately be reached for comment.

Kogan also cast doubt on many of Wylie’s allegations, which have triggered a global debate about internet privacy protections. Wylie repeated his claims in a series of media interviews as well as an appearance before the committee.

Wylie worked for SCL Group Ltd. in 2013 and 2014.

“Mr. Wylie has invented many things,” Kogan said, calling him “duplicitous.”

No matter what, though, Kogan insisted in his testimony that the data would not be that useful to election consultants. The idea was seized upon by Mitchell, who also denied that the company had worked on the effort to have Britain leave the EU.

Mitchell said that the idea that political consultancies can use data alone to sway votes is “frankly insulting to the electorates. Data science in modern campaigning helps those campaigns, but it is still and always will be the candidates who win the races.”

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Police Continue to Seek Motive in Nashville Massacre

Police in the southern city of Nashville, Tennessee, continued their search for a motive Tuesday in the shooting deaths of four people at a local restaurant early Sunday.

After a prolonged manhunt, police too suspect Travis Reinking into custody Monday, after receiving tips from the public.  He is being held on four murder charges and is scheduled to make his first court appearance Wednesday.

The 29-year-old was reportedly wearing a green jacket and nothing else when he began firing an AR-15 semi-automatic assault rifle outside a Waffle House restaurant near Nashville.  When he began shooting inside, Reinking aborted his attack and ran when customer James Shaw Jr. wrestled the rifle from him — an act authorities described as heroism.

“We do not know why he went into Waffle House,” Metropolitan Nashville Police spokesman Don Aaron said Monday. But Nashville police chief Steve Anderson said Reinking came into the restaurant with a “lot of firepower,” carrying four weapons.  Two guns were found at the scene.

Reinking has a history of abnormal behavior.  

Police records show he was arrested in July 2017 for trying to enter White House grounds, prompting authorities to revoke his gun license and seize four firearms, including the rifle that was used in the Waffle House killings.  Police gave the guns to Reinking’s father, who told them he would keep them away from his son.  But police said Sunday the father returned the weapons to him.

U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives agent Marcus Watson said Reinking’s father, Jeffrey, could be charged with federal crimes if he knowingly gave weapons to someone who was prohibited from owning them.  Jeffrey Reinking was not immediately available for comment.

Sunday’s massacre was the latest in a series of mass shootings in the United States in which a gunman used an AR-15 style rifle.  

One of the most deadly massacres was carried out on February 14 at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in the southeastern city of Parkland, Florida, a tragedy that sparked a nationwide movement for tougher gun control laws.  The suspected shooter was a former Marjory Stoneman student who was also brandishing an AR-15.

 

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Trump: North Korea’s Kim ‘Very Honorable’

President Donald Trump says he expects to meet with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un “very soon” and praised Kim as being “very open” and “very honorable.”

“We have been told directly that they would like to have the meeting as soon as possible. We think that’s a great thing for the world,” Trump said Tuesday after talks with his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron.

“We’ll see where that will all go,” Trump added. He repeated that he was willing to walk away from talks with North Korea but stressed “I think we have the chance to do something very special.”

The White House has said the ultimate goal of any negotiations between Trump and Kim denuclearization, adding the United States’ “maximum pressure” campaign on Pyongyang will continue and sanctions on the isolated country will not be lifted until concrete actions are taken towards complete and total denuclearization.

When asked what complete denuclearization means, Trump said “It means they get rid of their nukes, very simple.”

“We’re not going to take the North Koreans simply at their word,” White House Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said Monday in response to a question from VOA News about recent declarations by Pyongyang.

“We’re not naïve in this process,” added she said. “We’ve seen some steps in the right direction, but we have a long way to go.”

Kim has announced a freeze of nuclear weapons tests and intercontinental ballistic missile launches.

Trump on Sunday appeared to infer that the North Korean leader had already agreed to give up his nuclear arsenal, despite such no such announcement from Pyongyang.

The president said on Twitter, “We haven’t given up anything & they have agreed to denuclearization (so great for World), site closure, & no more testing!”

Although South Korea has said the North has expressed interest in doing away with its nuclear weapons, Kim, however, in Saturday’s testing freeze statement, indicated North Korea’s nuclear arsenal would remain intact, calling it a “powerful treasured sword” that would firmly guarantee “our descendants can enjoy the most dignified and happiest life in the world”.

Experts skeptical

Nuclear and missile proliferation scholar Joshua Pollack of the Monterey Institute of International Studies says: “I’m not at all convinced Kim Jong Un has any interest in discussing his nuclear arsenal with anyone else. He’s made his move and we can take it or leave it.”

Sung-Yoon Lee, assistant professor in Korean Studies at Tufts University, said it is only a matter of time before Kim demands the complete withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Korea.

“But for now, Kim is creating the illusion of coming across as a reasonable guy who is willing to make some major concessions when in fact no concession has been made at all,” he said.

Before the planned summit with Trump, for which no location or date has been determined, Kim is set to meet Friday with South Korean President Moon Jae-in at a Korean border village.

South Korean on Monday stopped its broadcasts of propaganda messages and pop music across the border. South Korea’s defense ministry said in a statement it hopes the move will help contribute to creating peace between the two countries.

 

Neither South Korea nor the United States has diplomatic relations with North Korea.

 

A state of war technically persists on the peninsula. Active combat in the 37-month long Korean War ended with an armistice in 1953. South Korea was not a signatory.

 

Moon’s government says Seoul hopes to resolve the 65-year impasse.

 

“The signing of a peace treaty must be pursued after an end to the war is declared,” Moon, last Thursday, told media representatives at the presidential Blue House.

Pollack, who is also editor of the The Nonproliferation Review, tells VOA that if Washington’s position remains that there cannot be sanctions relief “without complete, verifiable, irreversible dismantlement of North Korea’s nuclear program,” then the South Koreans will be left with a stark choice: “Either break from the U.S. or leave both of these issues alone. They can focus instead on a peace treaty.”

 

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США закликали Росію вивести озброєння і війська зі сходу України

Державний департамент США закликав Росію вивести озброєння і війська зі сходу України. Заява речниці американського зовнішньополітичного відомства Гедер Науерт була оприлюднена 23 квітня, у річницю загибелі на Донбасі американця Джозефа Стоуна, який працював парамедиком в Спеціальній моніторинговій місії ОБСЄ.

«Сполучені Штати закликають Росію ініціювати встановлення реального і стійкого перемир’я, вивести важке озброєння і війська з України, згідно з положеннями Мінських угод. Ми також ще раз підкреслюємо нашу непохитну підтримку СММ і закликаємо забезпечити спостерігачам безпечний, повний і безперешкодний доступ у всій зоні конфлікту», – сказала Науерт.

Вона заявила, що місія ОБСЄ працює в Україні «в складних і небезпечних умовах».

23 квітня Гельсінська комісія США (Комісія з безпеки і співробітництва в Європі) у зв’язку із річницею загибелі Стоуна заявила, що «російський режим має покласти кінець циклу насилля, який вона увічнює в Україні».

23 квітня 2017 року патрульний автомобіль СММ ОБСЄ наїхав на міну. Джозеф Стоун загинув, двоє інших цивільних спостерігачів були поранені.

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YouTube видалив понад 8 мільйонів відео за три місяці

Відеохостинг YouTube видалив понад вісім мільйонів відео за останні три місяці 2017 року, повідомила компанія 23 квітня у своєму блозі.

YouTube стверджує, що більшість відео були або спамом або спробою завантажити дорослий контент.

У компанії зазначили, що 6,7 мільйона відео були позначені як контент, що порушує правила, не людьми, а роботами. Із цієї кількості – 76 відсотків відео видалили до того, як вони отримали принаймні один перегляд.

«Ми розробили досконалу технологію машинного навчання, яка виявляє вміст, що порушує наші правила, і надсилає його на розгляд людині. У деяких випадках ця технологія машинного навчання може діяти самостійно, зокрема видаляти відеоспам. Якщо відео має перевірити людина, його переглядає спеціаліст із команди з дотримання правил YouTube», – пояснює відеохостинг у своєму відео.

Потім представник YouTube може обмежити доступ до відео, вилучити його або залишити на сайті.

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