Upping Ante, Trump Threatens New Tariffs on Chinese Imports

President Donald Trump directed the U.S. Trade Representative to prepare new tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese imports Monday as the two nations moved closer to a potential trade war.

 

The tariffs, which Trump wants set at a 10 percent rate, would be the latest round of punitive measures in an escalating dispute over the large trade imbalance between the two countries. Trump recently ordered tariffs on $50 billion in Chinese goods in retaliation for intellectual properly theft. The tariffs were quickly matched by China on U.S. exports.

 

“China apparently has no intention of changing its unfair practices related to the acquisition of American intellectual property and technology,” Trump said in a statement Monday announcing the new action. “Rather than altering those practices, it is now threatening United States companies, workers, and farmers who have done nothing wrong.”

 

Trump added: “These tariffs will go into effect if China refuses to change its practices, and also if it insists on going forward with the new tariffs that it has recently announced.”

 

Trump said that if China responds to this fresh round of tariffs, then he will move to counter “by pursuing additional tariffs on another $200 billion of goods.”

 

Trump’s comments came hours after the top U.S. diplomat accused China of engaging in “predatory economics 101” and an “unprecedented level of larceny” of intellectual property.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo made the remarks at the Detroit Economic Club as global markets reacted to trade tensions between the U.S. and China. Both nations started putting trade tariffs in motion that are set to take effect July 6.

 

He said China’s recent claims of “openness and globalization” are “a joke.” He added that China is a “predatory economic government” that is “long overdue in being tackled,” matters that include IP theft and Chinese steel and aluminum flooding the U.S. market.

 

“Everyone knows … China is the main perpetrator,” he said. “It’s an unprecedented level of larceny.”

 

“Just ask yourself: Would China have allowed America to do to it what China has done to America?” he said later. “This is predatory economics 101.”

 

The Chinese Embassy in Washington did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

 

Pompeo raised the trade issue directly with China last week, when he met in Beijing with President Xi Jinping and others.

 

“I reminded him that’s not fair competition,” Pompeo said.

 

President Donald Trump had announced a 25 percent tariff on up to $50 billion in Chinese imports. China is retaliating by raising import duties on $34 billion worth of American goods, including soybeans, electric cars and whiskey. Trump also has slapped tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Canada, Mexico and European allies.

 

Wall Street has viewed the escalating trade tensions with wariness, fearful they could strangle the economic growth achieved during Trump’s watch. Gary Cohn, Trump’s former top economic adviser, said last week that a “tariff battle” could result in price inflation and consumer debt — “historic ingredients for an economic slowdown.”

 

Pompeo on Monday described U.S. actions as “economic diplomacy,” which, when done right, strengthens national security and international alliances, he added.

 

“We use American power, economic might and influence as a tool of economic policy,” he said. “We do our best to call out unfair economic behaviors as well.”

 

In a statement, Trump says he has an “excellent relationship” with Xi, “but the United States will no longer be taken advantage of on trade by China and other countries in the world.”

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Upping Ante, Trump Threatens New Tariffs on Chinese Imports

President Donald Trump directed the U.S. Trade Representative to prepare new tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese imports Monday as the two nations moved closer to a potential trade war.

 

The tariffs, which Trump wants set at a 10 percent rate, would be the latest round of punitive measures in an escalating dispute over the large trade imbalance between the two countries. Trump recently ordered tariffs on $50 billion in Chinese goods in retaliation for intellectual properly theft. The tariffs were quickly matched by China on U.S. exports.

 

“China apparently has no intention of changing its unfair practices related to the acquisition of American intellectual property and technology,” Trump said in a statement Monday announcing the new action. “Rather than altering those practices, it is now threatening United States companies, workers, and farmers who have done nothing wrong.”

 

Trump added: “These tariffs will go into effect if China refuses to change its practices, and also if it insists on going forward with the new tariffs that it has recently announced.”

 

Trump said that if China responds to this fresh round of tariffs, then he will move to counter “by pursuing additional tariffs on another $200 billion of goods.”

 

Trump’s comments came hours after the top U.S. diplomat accused China of engaging in “predatory economics 101” and an “unprecedented level of larceny” of intellectual property.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo made the remarks at the Detroit Economic Club as global markets reacted to trade tensions between the U.S. and China. Both nations started putting trade tariffs in motion that are set to take effect July 6.

 

He said China’s recent claims of “openness and globalization” are “a joke.” He added that China is a “predatory economic government” that is “long overdue in being tackled,” matters that include IP theft and Chinese steel and aluminum flooding the U.S. market.

 

“Everyone knows … China is the main perpetrator,” he said. “It’s an unprecedented level of larceny.”

 

“Just ask yourself: Would China have allowed America to do to it what China has done to America?” he said later. “This is predatory economics 101.”

 

The Chinese Embassy in Washington did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

 

Pompeo raised the trade issue directly with China last week, when he met in Beijing with President Xi Jinping and others.

 

“I reminded him that’s not fair competition,” Pompeo said.

 

President Donald Trump had announced a 25 percent tariff on up to $50 billion in Chinese imports. China is retaliating by raising import duties on $34 billion worth of American goods, including soybeans, electric cars and whiskey. Trump also has slapped tariffs on steel and aluminum imports from Canada, Mexico and European allies.

 

Wall Street has viewed the escalating trade tensions with wariness, fearful they could strangle the economic growth achieved during Trump’s watch. Gary Cohn, Trump’s former top economic adviser, said last week that a “tariff battle” could result in price inflation and consumer debt — “historic ingredients for an economic slowdown.”

 

Pompeo on Monday described U.S. actions as “economic diplomacy,” which, when done right, strengthens national security and international alliances, he added.

 

“We use American power, economic might and influence as a tool of economic policy,” he said. “We do our best to call out unfair economic behaviors as well.”

 

In a statement, Trump says he has an “excellent relationship” with Xi, “but the United States will no longer be taken advantage of on trade by China and other countries in the world.”

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У Франції просить притулку художник, який намалював карикатуру на Поклонську

Російський художник-карикатурист Денис Лопатін, який намалював карикатуру на екс-прокурора окупованого Криму, депутата Держдуми Росії Наталію Поклонську, має намір просити французьку владу про надання йому політичного притулку. Про це він сам повідомив Радіо Свобода.

До Європи Денис Лопатін поїхав ще в лютому, побоюючись кримінального переслідування за малюнок, у якому Поклонська впізнала себе. Вона заявила, що ця робота ображає її особисто та релігійні почуття.

Поклонська звернулася до Слідчого комітету Росії із заявою, але слідчі відмовилися порушувати кримінальну справу. Наприкінці травня Поклонська надіслала керівнику Слідчого комітету Росії Олександрові Бастрикіну депутатський запит з приводу відмови камчатського управління відомства порушити кримінальну справу щодо Лопатіна.

Сам художник заявив, що він регулярно отримує погрози фізичної розправи. Все це змусило його готуватися до подання прохання про політичний притулок.

Наталія Поклонська, яка працювала в українській прокуратурі Криму, в 2014 році активно підтримала окупацію півострова Росією. Після перебування на посаді російського прокурора Криму Поклонська стала депутатом російської Державної думи. У 2017 році вона розгорнула кампанію проти художнього фільму «Матильда», що розповідає про стосунки російського царя Миколи Другого з балериною Матильдою Кшесинською.

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S. Korea Flexible on Ending Joint US Military Drills

Officials in Seoul are reacting cautiously to the expected suspension of U.S.-South Korea military exercises, but an influential presidential adviser sees it as an important step in the North Korea denuclearization process that is beginning to take shape. 

An announcement could come this week to put on hold the major joint exercises that entail bringing in troops, fighter jets, war ships and other military assets from U.S. bases around the world, according to the South Korean Yonhap news agency quoting unnamed government sources. But routine joint training would continue, said Yonhap. 

Flexible approach

On Monday the South Korean Defense Minister said the issue is still being negotiated. 

“We are still discussing about it. Nothing has yet been decided, and it is still in discussion,” said Choi Hyun-soo, the National Defense Ministry spokesperson.

On Sunday U.S. President Donald Trump said in a tweet that it was his idea to cancel what he called the “war games” conducted by U.S. and South Korean troops, while Washington and Pyongyang are engaged in “good faith” negotiations to implement the denuclearization agreement he reached with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un at last week’s Singapore Summit.

Neither the South Korean government nor U.S. military officials were given advance notice that Trump would call for an end to the joint drills. However, South Korean President Moon Jae-in asked for cooperation on this issue and emphasized the need to be “flexible” on possibly easing military pressure on North Korea if denuclearization progress continues.

Reciprocal and anticipatory

Critics of the broad denuclearization agreement reached between Trump and Kim say it lacks any specifics over the extent of nuclear weapons to be included, the deadline for dismantlement, and outside verification requirements. And they oppose the president’s decision to end major joint military exercises, without gaining any major concrete concession in return from Kim.

But Moon Chung-in, a special adviser to the South Korean president, and a strong proponent for increased engagement with North Korea, sees Trump’s friendly embrace of Kim and the unilateral concession he made as parts of a more nuanced diplomatic plan that is beginning to emerge.

“His remarks on the possible suspension of the R.O.K. (Republic of Korea)-U.S. combined military exercises in August, I think the remarks are extremely strategic. It is reciprocal as well as anticipatory,” said Moon, who is also a distinguished professor emeritus of political studies at Yonsei University.

Suspending the military drills, Professor Moon said, is an appropriate response to the North’s seven month suspension of nuclear and missile tests, its agreement to engage in denuclearization talks, and its unilateral closing of a nuclear teat site. 

Ending the joint drills, Moon said, also puts pressure on Pyongyang to be reasonable in return as the two sides discuss the process ahead; allowing in outside inspectors, agreeing to eliminate the North’s nuclear arsenal, and imposing limits on ballistic missiles and other threatening weapon systems, and dismantling the weapons of mass destruction. 

And U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has said the tough United Nations sanctions that block 90 percent of North Korean trade will remain in place until there is concrete denuclearization progress.

Trumps’ goodwill gesture on ending the joint drills may help nuclear negotiators bridge the gap between Pyongyang’s incremental approach linking sanctions relief to dismantlement progress, and Washington’s demand for complete denuclearization before providing further concessions.

“I think the two will reach a compromise, with certain characteristics of the ‘one shot deal’ that is mentioned by President Trump, as well as the gradual and synchronized exchange from North Korea. I believe that they will find a midway point,” said Prof. Moon.

Many North Korea security analysts doubt Kim’s intention to completely give up his nuclear deterrent that has long been seen as vital to the survival of his family led rule of the country.

But Kim Jong Un is not his father, say many who support Trump’s outreach. The young leader seems to want to focus more on economic development and has said there would be no need for his country to hold onto nuclear weapons, if trust can be established through a peace treaty and engagement.

Both Trump and President Moon are cautiously testing that proposition, their supporters say. 

South Korea has also been engaged in talks with the North to ease tensions along the heavily militarized border, to possibly field a joint team at the upcoming Asian Games in Indonesia, and to organize reunions in August for families that have been separated since the division of Korea at the end of World War II.

Lee Yoon-jee in Seoul contributed to this report.

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У Колумбії обрали президентом консервативного політика Дуке

Консервативний політик Іван Дуке закликав до єдності після того, як він був обраний президентом Колумбії.

54 відсотків виборців підтримали Дуке на чергових виборах 17 червня, таким чином, він випередив на 12 відсотків свого найближчого конкурента, Густаво Петро.

«З смиренням і честю я розповідаю колумбійському народу, що я докладу зусиль, щоб об’єднати нашу країну», – заявив новообраний президент своїм прихильникам у столиці Колумбії, місті Богота. 

Дуке також заявив, що прагне внесення «корективів» в історичну, але суперечливу мирну угоду, погоджену з ліворадикальним угрупованням «Революційні збройні сили Колумбії (FARC)»

Згідно з умовами угоди, підписаної в 2016 році, ФАРК відмовилося від збройної боротьби і стає політичною партією, яка братиме участь у виборах 2018 року.

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Ядерний арсенал у світі скорочується, але модернізація зброї триває – SIPRI

США та Росія дещо скоротили свої запаси ядерних боєголовок, що спричинило зменшення їхньої загальної чисельності в світі до 14 тисяч 465 станом на початок 2018 року, ідеться в звіті, оприлюдненому 18 червня Стокгольмським міжнародним інститутом досліджень миру (SIPRI). Водночас, як відзначають фахівці, програми модернізації ядерної зброї та систем їхньої доставки тривають. 

За даними SIPRI, загальна кількість ядерної зброї, що зберігається дев’ятьма відомими ядерними державами, скоротилася за рік на 470 одиниць – із 14 935.

 

Арсенали США та Росії, попри невелике скорочення, все ще складають майже 92% від усіх ядерних озброєнь світу.

Крім Сполучених Штатів та Росії, ядерну зброю мають Велика Британія, Франція, Китай, Індія, Пакистан, Ізраїль та Північна Корея. За оцінками, Пакистан має 140–150 боєголовок, Індія – 130–140. Північна Корея, ймовірно, 10–12.

Президент США Дональд Трамп та лідер Північної Кореї Кім Чен Ин 12 червня провели зустріч і виступили зі спільною заявою щодо перспектив повного ядерного роззброєння Корейського півострова, хоча ніяких деталей не оприлюднили.

Базований у Стокгольмі SIPRI, заснований в 1966 році, є незалежним міжнародним інститутом, що досліджує збройні конфлікти, контроль над озброєннями та процеси роззброєння. Свої дослідження SIPRI здійснює на основі аналізу та даних із відкритих джерел.

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5 Dead as SUV Chased by Border Patrol Crashes in South Texas

At least five people were killed and several others hurt Sunday as an SUV carrying more than a dozen people during a suspected “smuggling event” crashed while fleeing from Border Patrol agents in South Texas, authorities said.

The SUV carrying 14 people went out of control at more than 100 mph and overturned on Texas Highway 85, ejecting most of the occupants, Dimmit County Sheriff Marion Boyd said.

“From what we can tell the vehicle ran off the road and caught gravel and then tried to recorrect,” Boyd said, adding that “caused the vehicle to turn over several times.”

Four victims were dead at the scene, Boyd said. He said at least one and possibly two others died at a hospital.

The Border Patrol said in a statement Sunday night that two other vehicles had been traveling alongside the SUV earlier in the day. An agent suspected they were conducting a “smuggling event,” according to the statement, which did not elaborate.

The border agent stopped one of the vehicles and another agent stopped a second one. Multiple people from both vehicles were arrested.

The third vehicle kept going when agents encountered it, and a sheriff’s deputy took over the chase prior to the fatal crash, the border patrol said.

The incident comes amid heightened tensions over the treatment of immigrants at the southern border. The Trump administration has said tougher immigration policies – even separating children from their parents – are needed to deter immigrants from coming to the country illegally. Over a six-week period ending in May, about 2,000 children had been separated from their families, administration officials said Friday.

Most of the occupants in the SUV were believed in the country without legal permission. Boyd said the driver and one passenger were believed to be U.S. citizens. The driver was among those hospitalized, and a deputy who assisted the Border Patrol with the chase found the driver sitting upright in his seat and took him and the passenger into custody.

“This, I think, is a perfect example, of why are borders need to be secured,” Boyd said.

Some injured were taken by helicopter to San Antonio, about 90 miles (144.83 kilometers) northeast. Dimmit County is directly north of Webb County and east of Maverick County, which border Mexico.

“Our deepest sympathies go out to the families of those who died in the crash,” The Border Patrol said in the statement.

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Erosion of Immigrant Protections Began With Trump Inauguration

The Trump administration’s move to separate immigrant parents from their children on the U.S.-Mexico border has grabbed attention around the world, drawn scorn from human-rights organizations and overtaken the immigration debate in Congress.

It’s also a situation that has been brewing since the week President Donald Trump took office, when he issued his first order signaling a tougher approach to asylum-seekers. Since then, the administration has been steadily eroding protections for immigrant children and families.

“They’re willing to risk harm to a child being traumatized, separated from a parent and sitting in federal detention by themselves, in order to reach a larger policy goal of deterrence,” said Jennifer Podkul, director of policy at Kids in Need of Defense, which represents children in immigration court.

To those who work with immigrants, the parents’ plight was heralded by a series of measures making it harder for kids arriving on the border to get released from government custody and to seek legal status here.

Backlash

The administration says the changes are necessary to deter immigrants from coming here illegally. But a backlash is mounting, fueled by reports of children being taken from mothers and distraught toddlers and elementary school age children asking, through tears, when they can see their parents.

About 2,000 children had been separated from their families over a six-week period ending in May, administration officials said Friday.

Among the parents caught up in the new rules is 29-year-old Vilma Aracely Lopez Juc de Coc, who fled her home in a remote Guatemalan village after her husband was beaten to death in February, according to advocates. When she reached the Texas border with her 11-year-old son in May, he was taken from her by border agents, she said.

Her eyes swollen, she cried when she asked a paralegal what she most wanted to know: When could she see her son again?

“She did not know what was going on,” said paralegal Georgina Guzman, recalling their conversation at a federal courthouse in McAllen, Texas.

Similar scenarios play out on a daily basis in federal courtrooms in Texas and Arizona, where dozens of immigrant parents appear on charges of entering the country illegally after traveling up from Central America. More than the legal outcome of their cases, their advocates say, they’re worried about their children.

Since Trump’s inauguration, the administration has issued at least half a dozen orders and changes affecting immigrant children, many of them obscure revisions. The cumulative effect is a dramatic alteration of immigration policy and practice.

The measures require a senior government official to sign off on the release of children from secure shelters and allow immigration enforcement agents access to information about sponsors who sign up to take the children out of government custody and care for them.

The crackdown expanded in April, when the administration announced a “zero tolerance” policy on the border to prosecute immigrants for entering the country illegally in the hopes they could be quickly deported and that the swift deportations would prevent more people from coming.

Parents are now being arrested and placed in quick federal court proceedings near the border. Since children cannot be jailed in federal prisons, they’re placed in shelters that have long existed for unaccompanied immigrant children arriving on the border alone.

The administration insists the new rules are necessary to send a message to immigrants.

“Look, I hope that we don’t have to separate any more children from any more adults,” Attorney General Jeff Sessions said last week. “But there’s only one way to ensure that is the case: It’s for people to stop smuggling children illegally. Stop crossing the border illegally with your children. Apply to enter lawfully. Wait your turn.”

Immigration on the southwest border has remained high since the zero-tolerance policies took effect. Border agents made more than 50,000 arrests in May, up slightly from a month earlier and more than twice the number in May 2017. About a quarter of arrests were families traveling with children.

Asylum seekers

In addition to those trying to cross on their own, large crowds of immigrants are gathered at border crossings each day to seek asylum. Some wait days or weeks for a chance to speak with U.S. authorities. On a Texas border bridge, parents and children have been sleeping in sweltering heat for several days awaiting their turn.

Under U.S. law, most Mexican children are sent back across the border. Central American and other minors are taken into government custody before they are mostly released to sponsors in the United States.

The arrival of children fleeing violence in Central America is not new. President Barack Obama faced an even larger surge in border crossings that overflowed shelters and prompted the authorities to release many families. Nearly 60,000 children were placed in government-contracted shelters in the 2014 fiscal year.

Obama administration lawyers argued in federal court in Los Angeles against the separation of parents and children and in favor of keeping in family detention facilities those deemed ineligible for release.

Immigrant and children’s advocates said the new measures are not only cruel but costly. They argued that children fleeing violence and persecution in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras will continue to come to the United States and remain in government custody longer, costing taxpayers more money.

The government pays more than $1 billion a year to care for unaccompanied immigrant children, Sessions has said.

In May 2014, the average length of stay for children in custody was 35 days. So far this fiscal year, it’s taking 56 days for children to be released to sponsors — in most cases, their own relatives.

Many children were released to sponsors who did not have legal immigration status. That’s yet another concern child advocates now have since the Trump administration is requiring fingerprints of sponsors and their household members and will turn that data over to the immigration agency in charge of deportations.

Advocates say the new information sharing might lead some parents to shy away from sponsoring their own children and ask others to do so, a situation that can lead to cases of trafficking or neglect.

Simon Sandoval-Moshenberg, legal director of the immigrant advocacy program at the Legal Aid Justice Center in Virginia, said he’s never worked with immigrants who said U.S. policies influenced their decision to move. They are fleeing violence and persecution, and he doesn’t see that changing even if the government deports parents.

“Look six months out from now,” he said. “Are these moms going to stay in Guatemala? Hell no, they’re going to come back looking for their kids.” 

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Німці вшанували пам’ять жертв повстання, придушеного радянськими військами

17 червня в Німеччині вшанували пам’ять жертв повстання, яке відбулося в НДР 65 років тому. У заходах у Берліні узяли участь бургомістр німецької столиці Міхаель Мюллер і уповноважена уряду ФРН з питань культури і ЗМІ Моніка Ґрюттерс.

Народне повстання в НДР відбувалося 17 червня 1953 року одразу в кількох містах країни. Спочатку робітники промислових підприємств виступали проти збільшення виробничих норм, потім на демонстрації з вимогою проведення вільних виборів вийшли кілька сотень тисяч східних німців.

Повстання було придушене радянськими військами, які перебували на території Східної Німеччини.

Точне число жертв цього придушеного повстання в НДР не відоме. Загинули понад 50 людей, сотні людей отримали поранення. Не менше 15 тисяч осіб були арештовані.

«Ми зобов’язані донести до молодого покоління, наскільки важко було досягнуто наші демократичні свободи, і які загрози тоталітарні ідеології несуть для демократії і прав людини», – заявила уповноважена уряду ФРН з питань культури і ЗМІ Моніка Ґрюттерс, промовляючи біля братської могили загиблих берлінців на Зеештрассе. За її словами, 17 червня залишиться важливим днем в історії свободи Німеччини і Європи.

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Жінку, яка напала на відвідувачів супермаркету у Франції, вигукуючи «Аллаху Акбар», заарештували

На півдні Франції заарештували жінку, яка поранила двох осіб канцелярським ножем у супермаркеті, вигукуючи при цьому «Аллаху Акбар».

Відвідувач супермаркету в приморському місті Ла-Сен-сюр-Мер був поранений у груди і госпіталізований. Жінка-касир отримала менш серйозні поранення, повідомляє французька радіостанція Europe 1 із посиланням на прокурора сусіднього Тулона.

Прокурор Бернар Маршал припустив, що підозрювана має психічне захворювання. Її ім’я не повідомляють. Поліція обшукала її будинок.

«Судячи з усього, це ізольований випадок, пов’язаний із людиною, яка  страждає психічним розладом», – наводить слова прокурора газета Le Monde.

Однак, за словами прокурора, «можна припускати замах на вбивство і злочин із терористичними мотивами».

Регіональна газета Nice-Matin, яка першою повідомила про напад, який трапився о 10:30 ранку в неділю за місцевим часом, цитує неназваного очевидця, який повідомив, що люди в супермаркеті зупинили жінку, не давши їй порізати когось іще.

У Франції посилені заходи безпеки діють протягом останніх трьох років через напади, відповідальність за які брало на себе екстремістське угруповання «Ісламська держава».

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