Last Defenders of Islamic State’s Caliphate Surrounded

The last defenders of the Islamic State terror group’s self-proclaimed caliphate are surrounded in a small neighborhood in the eastern Syrian village of Baghuz, facing imminent defeat.

The assessment Saturday, from a commander of the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces, follows days of slow and difficult fighting as IS fighters cling to an ever-shrinking sliver of land, pausing only for intermittent negotiations over a possible surrender.

“In a very short time, we will spread the good tidings to the world of the military end of Daesh,” Jiya Furat, the SDF commander leading the final assault, told reporters during a news conference outside Baghuz.

Furat said the self-proclaimed caliphate, which once covered large swaths of Syria and Iraq, had been reduced to an area covering no more than about 600 square meters, and that IS fighters were coming under fire from every direction.

But efforts to finish off the final IS enclave have been slowed due to concerns about civilians, including the wives and children of the terror group’s fighters, trying to escape to safety.

“There have been some lapses in the battle as we continue to see hundreds of civilians still attempting to flee,” coalition spokesman, Col. Sean Ryan, told VOA via email Saturday. “Strikes have been reduced to help protect the civilians.”

Those civilians who have escaped say IS has been using them as human shields, shooting at them if and when they attempt to leave.

The SDF advance has also been slowed by IS’ use of booby traps and other improvised explosive devices [IEDs], and counterattacks using suicide bombers and cars or motorcycles laden with explosives.

There are also concerns about additional IS fighters hiding in what appears to be an extensive system of tunnels and caves.

Monitoring groups, including the Syrian Observatory for Human rights, reported a group of IS fighters launched a counterattack late Friday, targeting coalition-backed forces near the al-Azraq oilfield. But they said the assault was quickly repelled with the help of coalition warplanes.

Just days ago, coalition officials had described the fight against IS in its final hold-out of Baghuz as a clearing operation, with one top commander saying, “The end of the physical caliphate is at hand.”

And on Friday, U.S. President Donald Trump stirred up anticipation that a final declaration of victory over the IS was fast-approaching.

“We have a lot of great announcements having to do with Syria and our success with the eradication of the caliphate,” Trump said at the White House. “That’ll be announced over the next 24 hours.”

On Saturday, though, both coalition officials and the SDF suggested there was no longer any set timeline for an announcement.

U.S. officials have also been quick to point out that even once the last pocket of IS-held territory is taken, the fight will not be over.

Speaking at the Munich Security Conference in Germany Saturday, U.S. Vice President Mike Pence promised the U.S. would maintain a strong presence in the Middle East and would “track down” any remnants or offshoots of the Islamic State.

Top U.S. military officials have warned the terror group still has 20,000 to 30,000 followers, including fighters, spread across Syria and Iraq.  And they worry about the ability of their Syrian partners, in particular, to keep IS in check once U.S. troops withdraw.

The U.S. official has also been talking with other members of the coalition about increasing their help as U.S. troops prepare to leave. But so far, other coalition members, many of whom have no troops on the ground in Syria, have been unwilling to make any specific commitments.

“I think there’s a tremendous desire to have a security arrangement or mechanism that doesn’t result in a security vacuum. What that is…is still being developed,” a senior defense official said Friday on the sidelines of the Munich Security Conference.

“We’ve been pretty clear that this is going to be a deliberate withdrawal,” the official added. “There’s a timeline associated with that that’s conditions-based. We’ve said publicly on a number of occasions that it will be here in months, not weeks and not years.”

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Влада Санкт-Петербурга не дозволила провести в місті марш пам’яті Нємцова

Влада Санкт-Петербурга не погодили жоден з маршрутів, запропонованих організаторами маршу пам’яті Бориса Нємцова. Про це повідомляє телеграм-канал «Протестний Петербург».

Голова «Відкритої Росії» Андрій Пивоваров заявив, що рішення оскаржать, а сам марш відбудеться в будь-якому випадку.

Депутат Законодавчих зборів міста Борис Вишневський уточнив, що в міській адміністрації запропонували перенести захід в один із парків міста. Таку відповідь Вишневський назвав знущальною і заявив про намір організаторів звернутися до суду.

До акції, яка запланована на 24 лютого, залишилося близько тижня.

У Москві марш пам’яті Нємцова провести дозволили, але влада не відразу погодила маршрут, запропонувавши його скоротити.

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Бориса Нємцова застрелили на Великому Москворецькому мосту у центрі Москви через кілька тижнів – 27 лютого 2015 року. Звинуваченого у виконанні вбивства Заура Дадаєва засудили до 20 років в’язниці, чотирьох спільників – від 11 до 19 років. Замовник злочину досі не встановлений.

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Трамп підписав бюджет США, що збільшує допомогу Україні

Президент США Дональд Трамп підписав схвалений Конгресом бюджетний пакет законодавчих актів, який суттєво збільшує допомогу Україні на 2019 рік – майже до 700 мільйонів доларів. Про це повідомили у посольстві України в США.

«Пакет включає «Закон щодо асигнувань Державного департаменту, зарубіжних операцій та суміжних програм на 2019 фінансовий рік». Кошторис допомоги Україні за цим Законом збільшено і затверджено в обсязі 445,7 мільйона доларів. Переважну частину додаткових коштів, буде спрямовано на збільшення до 115 мільйонів видатків для надання військово-технічної підтримки Україні за програмою «Міжнародне військове фінансування», – мовиться у повідомленні.

В посольстві зазначили, що сукупний обсяг допомоги Україні у цьому бюджетному році з урахуванням 250 мільйонів доларів, раніше виділених Пентагоном, становить майже 700 мільйонів доларів.

У вересні 2018 року, за кілька днів до початку в США 2019-го фінансового року, американський президент Дональд Трамп підписав раніше ухвалений Конгресом «Закон про асигнування на потреби Міністерства оборони на 2019 рік», яким виділяється 250 мільйонів доларів для підтримки України. У цю суму закладені й кошти на оборонні летальні види озброєнь.

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Vatican Expels Former US Cardinal McCarrick

The Vatican said Saturday that Pope Francis has defrocked disgraced former U.S. cardinal Theodore McCarrick.

In July of last year, Francis accepted McCarrick’s resignation from the College of Cardinals following allegations he had sexually abused minor and adult seminarians over a period of decades.

The Vatican said in a statement that in January 2019 it had found McCarrick guilty of “. . . solicitation in the Sacrament of Confession and sins against the Sixth Commandment with minors and with adults, with the aggravating factor of the abuse of power.” (The Sixth Commandment says ‘Thou shall not commit adultery’ and is one of the Ten Commandments the Bible says were given by God.  The Commandments are fundamental to Judaism and Christianity.)

McCarrick appealed the decision expelling him from the priesthood, but it was upheld and McCarrick was notified of the decision Friday. .

The Vatican statement said its decision “is definitive and admits of no further recourse or appeal.”

McCarrick had been a highly respected and longtime ambassador of the Catholic Church was was a confident of popes and U.S. presidents.

The 88-year-old McCarrick was ordained a priest in 1958.  His appointments included:  auxiliary bishop of New York, bishop of Metuchen, archbishop of Newark, and archbishop of Washington.  

In 2001, McCarrick became a cardinal.

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Reuters: під контролем «Ісламської держави» в Сирії залишився один населений пункт

У Сирії під контролем угруповання «Ісламська держава» залишився тільки один населений пункт, але й його звільнять найближчим часом. Про це заявили агентству Reuters представники сирійських демократичних сил – коаліції опозиційних збройних формувань, яку підтримують США.

Раніше сирійський центр моніторингу прав людини, що базується в Британії, повідомив про повне звільнення сирійської території від загонів «ІД». Ця інформація, однак, не була підтверджена.

Стверджується, що за останні дні кілька сот бійців «ІД» здалися сирійським демократичним силам.

7 лютого президент Сполучених Штатів Дональд Трамп припустив, що незабаром США зможуть оголосити про кінець боротьби з «Ісламською державою».

14 січня Трамп офіційно заявив про початок виведення американських військ з Сирії.

У Сирії з 2011 року триває громадянська війна, в результаті якої загинули більше 400 000 людей. Росія, втрутившись в цей конфлікт, надає в ньому підтримку президенту Сирії Башару Асаду – режиму якого значна частина світу, і західного, і арабського, відмовила в легітимності.

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Moscow Court Extends Arrest of US Investor Accused of Fraud

A Russian court has decided to prolong the detention of American investor Michael Calvey, founder of Baring Vostok Capital Partners, a Moscow-based private equity group.

Late Friday the court moved to extend Calvey’s arrest for at least 72 hours and called for a second hearing Saturday.

Four other defendants in the case have been ordered to remain in pretrial custody for two months.

A spokeswoman for the Moscow district court Friday announced that Calvey had been detained along with other members of the firm Thursday on suspicion of stealing $37.5 million (2.5 billion rubles), a charge that carries of a sentence of up to 10 years in prison.

Private equity group partner

Calvey, 51, is a senior partner who founded Baring Vostok in 1994. According to the firm’s website, the private equity group holds more than $3.5 billion in committed capital and is a controlling shareholder in Russia’s Vostochny Bank, which focuses on Siberian and Far Eastern markets.

A statement on the Baring Vostok website said the company “believes that the detention of its employees and the charges that have been brought are a result of a conflict with shareholders of Vostochniy [sic] Bank. We have full confidence in the legality of our employees’ actions and will vigorously defend their rights. Baring Vostok’s activities in the Russian Federation are fully compliant with all applicable laws.”

Before launching Baring Vostok, Calvey worked for the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and for Salomon Brothers. Since arriving in Moscow in the mid-1990s, he’s become a prominent and highly visible member of Moscow investment community. He is a board member of the Washington-based Atlantic Council.

​Pleas from investment community 

The announcement of Calvey’s detention sent shockwaves through the international investment community, prompting numerous pleas for his immediate release.

Herman Gref, head of Sberbank, Russia’s biggest state bank, issued a statement calling Calvey a “decent, honest man,” while Kirill Dmitriev, the head of Russia’s $10 billion sovereign wealth fund and a close contact of Russian President Vladimir Putin, described Calvey as “committed to the highest ethical standards accepted in the investment community.”

Kremlin officials Friday said Putin wasn’t aware of the charges being brought against Calvey.

“We are aware that a U.S. citizen was arrested on February 14, 2019, in Russia, a State Department spokesperson said Friday. “We have no higher priority than the protection of U.S. citizens abroad. Due to privacy considerations, we do not have any additional information at this time.”

Calvey is the third Westerner to face prosecution in Russia since Dec. 31, when American citizen Paul Whelan, a former Marine, was jailed on accusations of spying. Last week a Russian court sentenced Dennis Christensen, a Danish adherent of the Jehovah’s Witnesses religion, to six years in prison for “organizing the activity of an extremist organization.”

Although Russia has jailed foreign investors who were vocal opponents of the Kremlin, Calvey has no such record of public political opinions.

Russia is “a do-it-yourself market,” Calvey told The Washington Post in 2011. “You can’t rely on outside service providers.”

In that interview, Calvey said his group operates with 20 investors, four full-time lawyers and three government relations managers, along with a host of accountants and administrative support. At that time, all 10 of his partners were Russian nationals.

“International firms aren’t equipped for Russia,” he told the Post. “And they usually have a low tolerance threshold for uncertainty and no sense of humor for Russian surprises,” which he described as surprise audits, seizure of assets for back taxes, and sudden, sometimes seemingly arbitrary, business license reviews.

‘The final straw’

Vocal Kremlin critic and Hermitage Capital co-founder Bill Browder was denied entry into Russian in 2005 after his lawyer, Sergei Magnitsky, began investigating governmental misconduct and corruption in response to suspicious tax evasion charges brought against Hermitage by Russia’s Interior Ministry.

Magnitsky died under suspicious circumstances in Russian custody in 2009.

“The arrest of Mike Calvey in Moscow should be the final straw that Russia is an entirely corrupt and [uninvestable] country,” Browder said in a tweet Friday. “Of all the people I knew in Moscow, Mike played by their rules, kept his head down and never criticized the government.”

Pete Cobus is VOA’s acting Moscow correspondent. State Department correspondent Nike Ching contributed reporting from Washington. Some information is from Reuters.

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Владна партія Франції відмовила в акредитації RT та Sputnik

Французька партія президентської більшості «Вперед, Республіко!» не надасть акредитації співробітникам російських державних засобів інформації RT і Sputnik для висвітлення виборів до Європарламенту. Таку заяву зробив 15 лютого директор партійної виборчої кампанії Стефан Сежурне, повідомило Міжнародне французьке радіо.

«Це не органи преси, а органи пропаганди на службі Кремля», – заявив Стефан Сежурне в інтерв’ю газеті Le Monde.

Французьке видання Sputnik прокоментувало це повідомлення в тексті під заголовком «Партія Емманюеля Макрона знову нападає на Sputnik напередодні європейських виборів».

Протягом року журналісти Sputnik і RT у Франції не отримують акредитацій, щоб висвітлювати події, організовані Єлисейським палацом або французькими міністерствами, заявила головний редактор Sputnik France Наталія Новікова.

У травні 2017 року французький президент Емманюель Макрон під час першої зустрічі з російським президентом Володимиром Путіним публічно назвав RT і Sputnik «органами брехливої пропаганди». Заява була зроблена на спільній прес-конференції, російський президент на це не відповів.

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Omar’s Edgy Israel Tweet No Surprise to Some in Minnesota

As Ilhan Omar was running last year to become one of the first Muslim women in Congress, several Minnesota Jewish leaders invited her to talk privately about past statements they considered anti-Semitic and anti-Israel.

Most came away dissatisfied by what they heard.

Their concerns were confirmed this week when Omar suggested on Twitter that members of Congress support Israel for money, igniting a bipartisan uproar.

Democratic state Sen. Ron Latz, who hosted the meeting, says he’s grateful that she seems to be willing to be engaged in conversations with the Jewish community, but she doesn’t seem to be learning from those conversations.

In tweets this week, Omar said she is learning, and she’s grateful for Jewish allies and colleagues who are educating her on the painful history of anti-Semitic tropes.

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100 Days After Paradise Burned, the Stories of the Victims

On that frantic morning, TK Huff was calm. The 71-year-old amputee sat in his wheelchair, pointing a garden hose at what quickly became the deadliest wildfire in California history.

Nobody knew at the time, early on Nov. 8, how bad it would be. When his family called at 7:15 a.m., Huff said he would leave. But he never made it out.

All around, fires were breaking out, and men and women — most of them elderly, many of them disabled — were doomed: Flames soon overtook 74-year-old Richard Brown’s beloved log cabin in the Sierra Nevada foothills. On the edge of neighboring Paradise, a blaze prompted the Feather Canyon Retirement Community to evacuate its residents — all except 88-year-old Julian Binstock, overlooked in the chaos.

It was just the start of a day that was almost unfathomable. An entire town was burned off the map of California. Nearly 14,000 homes were incinerated.

All told, 85 people would perish. The oldest was 99; of the 73 bodies that have been identified, 59 were 65 or older. One hundred days later — with the aid of public records showing the locations of victims’ deaths, CalFire mapping of the fire’s progression and dozens of interviews — their stories can be told. How they lived, how they died.

And how a fire that started at 6:30 a.m. in the tiny town of Pulga would become the nation’s deadliest and most destructive wildfire in more than century.

The flames spread through the back of Concow, where Huff lived. This was no ordinary fire, with fronts marching steadily forward. Wind gusts of at least 50 mph blew hot embers a mile or more, creating multiple fires at once and igniting areas the size of football fields every few seconds, said CalFire spokesman Scott McLean.

Huff and his wife, Margaret, who died in August, knew the risk of wildfires. Their house, high on a wooded ridge, burned down in 2008. But this was the house where three generations gathered for Easter egg hunts, for Christmas and Thanksgiving dinners, and pretty much every weekend of the year. With no internet or cell reception, the focus was always on family.

So they rebuilt.

Huff was stoic and strong, a farm laborer who worked in the fields his whole life; he lost a leg in a potato harvesting accident in 2001 but didn’t let his disability hold him back, said his daughter-in-law Pearl Lankford, whose own house in Paradise burned down along with the homes of eight family members.

When the fire arrived, just after sunrise, Huff’s instinct was to save his house.

“We told him, ‘You need to evacuate now,’” said his granddaughter Jordan Huff, 22, who lived in Paradise.

“He was putting out the flames in his backyard in his wheelchair,” she said. “There was no distress in his voice.”

Soon after the family’s call at 7:15 that morning, the house phone went dead. A CalFire simulation shows that by 9 a.m., flames had overtaken Green Forest Lane, where Huff lived.

His remains were found in the ashes of his house. The only thing still standing was his wheelchair, near the back fence with the garden hose.

By then a separate fire about a mile away had destroyed the log cabin built by Richard Brown, the unofficial mayor of Concow, a Vietnam veteran whose mom and stepdad had a winery in Paradise — which is how he came to name his daughter, Chardonnay Telly. She recalled her dad as relentlessly upbeat, a man who loved to tinker with old cars that inevitably broke down in the middle of nowhere.

His remains would later be found under one of those vehicles, on his beloved patch of land.

About the same time, more than two miles to the west, on the eastern edge of Paradise, the Feather Canyon Retirement Community was hastily evacuating its more than 100 residents. In the chaos, they somehow overlooked Julian Binstock, 88 — something that rarely happened in a life that took him from Brooklyn to Harvard University to the entertainment business, where he would become a vice president of Warner Communications.

At the retirement community, where he had moved with his wife Elisabetta a decade ago, he was known for his sense of humor. Each year, he won the award for “Funniest Resident”; he kept up his reputation by asking his children for jokes to try out on his neighbors, said his daughter, Christina Lamb, of Southborough, Massachusetts.

By 9 a.m., the community was gone, and so was Binstock.

Lamb, her two siblings and children would spend a frantic week looking for him in evacuation centers and hospitals, but he had died in his residence.

She doesn’t fault the retirement center. “It’s the fire’s fault,” she said.

By 10 a.m., the fire surged across a canyon and into the town of Paradise, population 27,000. It had torched 20 square miles and sparked a separate fire miles away on the other side of town.

On the eastern edge of Paradise, 93-year-old Dorothy Lee Herrera had already left a frantic voicemail for her son, Arthur Lee: “There’s a fire, we’ve got to get out!”

But by the time he called back, there was no answer. She and her husband, Lou Herrera, 86, died in the house where they’d lived for a quarter century, amid the ashes of trees that provided fruit for Dorothy’s delicious pies.

North of the Herrera home, the fire roared through the Ridgewood Mobile Home Park, a tidy community for people 55 and older near the Ponderosa Elementary School, killing Teresa Ammons, 82, Helen Pace, 84, and Dorothy Mack, an 87-year-old retired clerk for the California Department of Corrections who loved Paradise. To her it was a more affordable Grass Valley, the Northern California town where she’s grown up.

Ernie Foss, a 63-year-old musician, also left the expensive San Francisco Bay Area for the cheaper Paradise. His body and that of his dog, Bernice, were found outside his home, near his wheelchair and minivan, according to his children.

The body of his caretaker and stepson, Andrew Burt, was found a quarter-mile away on Edgewood Lane, outside a vehicle at an intersection where four others died in their cars, trying to flee.

Burt was 36 and among the younger victims of the fire. He moved to Paradise with his mother, Linda, and her husband, Foss, about a decade ago and stayed on as a caregiver after his mother died in 2012. His brother, James Burt, said he can’t imagine how dire the situation must have been for Andrew to leave Ernie Foss behind.

“The general consensus was that Andy would not have abandoned Ernie,” he said, “but if Ernie had passed or told Andy to save himself, he would have.”

By the time the fire reached Burt and Foss, it was 10:45 a.m.

Minutes later, the inferno consumed David Marbury, 66. A private man who loved horses, Marbury grew up in Vallejo, California, and headed for the Navy after high school. He eventually retired from the commuter rail Bay Area Rapid Transit and moved to Paradise — “just a good person all around,” said his niece, Sadia Quint.


By 11 a.m., the center of Paradise was being overtaken by flames.

More than a half-dozen fires to the east of town had merged to form a 32 square-mile inferno, a wall of fire and smoke roughly the size of Manhattan.

As the blaze raced west, it reached the homes of John Digby and Victoria Taft — 2.5 miles apart — almost simultaneously.

Both had spoken to their adult children that morning for the last time.

Victoria Taft’s parting words with her 22-year-old daughter, Christina, were tense. A neighbor had come knocking around 8:30 a.m. A fire was coming — they should evacuate. Mother and daughter argued about what to do.

Taft refused to leave. If the threat was real, authorities would order an evacuation, she told her daughter. By 10 a.m. Christina could see the morning sky blackening from smoke. She packed the car and left, joining what had become a bumper-to-bumper exodus.

Victoria Taft’s remains were recovered from the ruins of her living room.

In the aftermath, Christina set out to memorialize her mother and in the process discovered a woman she hardly knew existed — a free spirited, fun-loving Southern California beauty who acted in television, movies and commercials, partied with rock stars in the ’70s and ’80s and traveled the world before motherhood became her focus.

Taft, 66, was losing her eyesight from glaucoma and suffered from memory loss. When Christina asked about her youth, Taft didn’t remember the details. But among the items Christina frantically grabbed that morning were boxes of documents from a closet, only later discovering the contents: her mom’s old resumes, head shots, casting lists.

The decision to leave her mother behind will forever haunt her. “I didn’t do enough to get my mom out,” she said. “I feel like I accidentally killed her by not helping her.”

Across town, John Digby talked by phone with his son Roman in Owatonna, Minnesota. The son wanted his father to see a doctor about his sore throat. Digby — a 78-year-old Air Force veteran and retired postal carrier — didn’t mention anything about a fire.

Two hours later, the fire reached Digby at his home in Space 3 at the Pine Springs Mobile Home Park. A neighbor later told Roman Digby that he tried to get his father to leave, but his father said no.

A quarter-hour after the fire reached Digby and Taft, it came for Andrew Downer — who also had a chance to leave, but chose not to.

Downer, 54, had lost his right leg to diabetes and infection from surgery, and he used a wheelchair. His caregiver Cindy MacDonald was thinking about running over to fix him breakfast, but then she got a call warning of fire. She offered to pick Downer up, but he declined. The dogs didn’t want to go. He didn’t want to leave the place to looters.

Downer, described by friends as loud and fun and generous, died in the house he had filled with collections of marbles, crystals and antiques — and condiments.


Nearly three weeks later, 80-year-old Larry R. Smith was taken off life support at a Northern California medical center — the 85th and final victim of the Camp Fire.

“Uncle Ronnie” — born to a Dust Bowl family of eight children that had come to California to pick crops — loved to host gatherings of the clan on the rambling property he purchased in Paradise about three decades ago. Recently, he had started showing signs of dementia but he was independent and reluctant to leave the first house he ever purchased.

Smith had tried to save his treasured truck, a 1993 Dodge Ram that he rarely drove but plastered with contradictory political bumper stickers. Rescuers found Smith barefoot and badly burned.

He died on Nov. 25.

 

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«Зловживання владою»: прокурор оскаржує право Трампа на надзвичайний стан без легітимної причини

Генеральний прокурор штату Нью-Йорк Летіша Джеймс заявила 15 лютого, що оскаржуватиме в суді використання надзвичайних повноважень президента США для побудови стіни на кордоні з Мексикою, на чому наполягає Дональд Трамп.

«Оголошення загальнонаціонального надзвичайного стану без легітимної причини може створити конституційну кризу. Ми не підтримуватимемо це зловживання владою і боротимемося з цим усіма правовими інструментами, які є в нашому розпорядженні», – наголосила прокурор Джеймс.

Намір Трампа оголосити надзвичайний стан розкритикували конгресмени, демократи і частина республіканців. На думку опонентів, таке рішення в разі його реалізації може встановити поганий прецедент, коли політичні цілі досягатимуться в обхід Конгресу.

Спікер Палати представників Ненсі Пелосі та лідер демократичної меншості в Сенаті Чак Шумер відзначили в спільній заяві, що «оголошення загальнонаціонального надзвичайного стану буде беззаконним актом, брутальним зловживанням владою президента і відчайдушною спробою відвернути увагу від того факту, що президент Трамп порушив свою основну обіцянку: змусити Мексику заплатити за його стіну».

15 лютого під час офіційного заходу в Білому домі президент США Дональд Трамп підтвердив попереднє повідомлення своєї адміністрації щодо уникнення нового «шатдауну» та оголошення надзвичайного стану. Білий дім оголосив, що президент Трамп підпише законопроект про фінансування федерального уряду, ухвалений Сенатом і Палатою представників 14 лютого і покликаний забезпечити роботу уряду. Водночас, ішлося в повідомленні, Трамп відразу оголосить надзвичайний стан у країні для отримання коштів на будівництво стіни на кордоні з Мексикою, через суперечку довкола фінансування якої стався попередній «шатдаун».

25 січня Трамп оголосив про відновлення роботи урядових установ після «шатдауну», який почався в кінці минулого року, тривав 35 днів і став найтривалішим в історії США. До «шатдауну» призвела відмова конгресменів-демократів погодити фінансування стіни на кордоні з Мексикою.

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