Трамп дозволив «помірне» посилення військової присутності США на Близькому Сході.

Президент США Дональд Трамп надав дозвіл на «помірне» посилення американських військових підрозділів у Саудівській Аравії та Об’єднаних Арабських Еміратах. Це сталося після нападу на саудівську нафтову інфраструктуру, відповідальним за який Вашингтон вважає Іран.

Пентагон 20 вересня повідомив, що ще не ухвалив рішення щодо конкретних підрозділів, які будуть надіслані до регіону, а також не згадував про будь-які потенційні військові дії проти Ірану. Міністр оборони Марк Еспер заявив, що рішення США є відповіддю на запити Саудівської Аравії та ОАЕ. щоб поліпшити їхню протиповітряну та протиракетну оборону. За його словами, місія матиме «оборонний характер».

«Щоб запобігти подальшій ескалації, Саудівська Аравія попросила про міжнародну підтримку для захисту критичної інфраструктури королівства. Об’єднані Арабські Емірати також попросили про таку допомогу», – сказав очільник військового відомства США.

 

У липні США заявили, що надсилають близько 500 військовослужбовців до Саудівської Аравії, це сталося після серії атак на нафтові танкери в Оманській затоці. У цих атаках Вашингтон звинувачував Іран або підконтрольні йому гібридні сили.

Напруга в регіоні Близького Сходу знову зросла після того , як 14 вересня безпілотники атакували найбільший у світі нафтопереробний завод у Саудівській Аравії.

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Росія: журналістці, яка співпрацювала з Радіо Свобода, висунули звинувачення у виправданні тероризму

Журналістці Світлані Прокоп’євій, яка позаштатно співпрацювала з Радіо Свобода, висунули звинувачення в публічному виправданні тероризму, повідомляє російська служба Радіо Свобода з посиланням на адвоката журналістки Тетяну Мартинову.

Адвокат уточнила, що не може коментувати деталі процесу, оскільки з неї та підзахисної взяли нову підписку про нерозголошення. За словами Мартинової, вже наступного тижня розслідування може бути закінчене і захист отримає матеріали справи для ознайомлення.

«Зараз можу сказати тільки одне: Світлана Володимирівна, звичайно ж, не визнає свою провину», – зазначила Мартинова.

Кримінальну справу стосовно журналістки порушили восени 2018 року після її виступу в ефірі радіостанції «Ехо Москви в Пскові». Ефір був присвячений теракту біля будівлі ФСБ в Архангельську: Прокоп’єва заявила, що держава «сама виховала» покоління громадян, які борються з нею. Наглядове відомство «Роскомнагляд» побачило в цих словах ознаки виправдання тероризму.

Після цього «Ехо Москви в Пскові» оштрафували на 150 тисяч рублів, а місцева газета, яка передрукувала матеріал радіо, отримала штраф 200 тисяч рублів. У лютому 2019 року в будинку Прокоп’євої відбувся обшук, а саму її викликали на допит. У липні 2019 року журналістку внесли до російського списку екстремістів і терористів.

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More Sanctions as Trump Shows Military Restraint on Iran

U.S. President Donald Trump announced new sanctions Friday on Iran’s central bank, calling them the most severe sanctions ever imposed on a country. But it appears that he wants to avoid military action against Tehran, in response to recent cruise missile and drone strikes against Saudi Arabia’s oil facilities. White House Correspondent Patsy Widakuswara has this story.
 

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Will US Republicans Feel the Heat from Climate Change?

Francis Rooney is a Republican congressman from a conservative Florida district who opposes federal funding for abortions and supports President Donald Trump’s plans for construction of a wall along the Mexican border.But he also recently co-sponsored a carbon pricing bill and is one of a handful of lawmakers from his side of the aisle who have bucked orthodoxy and acknowledged human beings are responsible for global warming.The modern Republican Party is one of the few political forces in the world whose leadership denies manmade climate change, but there are now small yet perceptible signs of changes within its ranks, driven by an increase in extreme weather events and shifting public opinion.FILE – House Speaker Nancy Pelosi of Calif., second from left, poses during a ceremonial swearing-in with Rep. Francis Rooney, R-Fla., right, on Capitol Hill in Washington, Jan. 3, 2019.“Seventy-one percent of the people in my district say that climate change is real. We’re scared of sea-level rise and we want the government to do something about it,” Rooney, citing recent polling, said at a talk this week organized by the World Resources Institute.In late July, he along with Democrat Dan Lipinksi of Illinois introduced a new bill aimed at setting a price on carbon emissions, one of several similar proposed laws currently before the House of Representatives.Extreme weatherFor now, the legislation has no hope of passing: fellow Republicans are highly unlikely to take it up in the Senate, and even if it did clear the upper house, Trump would almost certainly exercise his veto. But the bills “indicate that Republicans and Democrats are beginning to agree that a price on carbon is the most efficient way to reduce America’s emissions,” the Citizens’ Climate Lobby wrote in a blog post on the subject.FILE – A man hangs his clothes after washing them at the Mudd neighborhood, devastated after Hurricane Dorian hit the Abaco Islands in Marsh Harbor, Bahamas, Sept. 6, 2019.“Republicans are getting very nervous about their lack of any serious policy on climate change, because climate change is beginning to have huge costs to average everyday Americans,” Paul Bledsoe, a former staffer for ex-president Bill Clinton and lecturer at American University, told AFP.  There is a broad scientific consensus that warmer oceans are supercharging hurricanes, making Category 4 and 5 storms more common. New research suggests that warming may also be affecting global atmospheric currents, thus increasing the frequency of ultra slow-crawling hurricanes like last month’s Dorian and 2017’s Harvey.Rooney and Representative Brian Fitzpatrick of Pennsylvania, who also supports a carbon tax, are the two most outspoken Republican lawmakers on climate change, but in recent months others have begun talking about the need to reduce emissions.These include Senator John Barasso from deep red Wyoming, who earlier this year introduced a bill to expand nuclear power, in part citing the need to address climate change, and a handful of others including Alaska’s Lisa Murkowski and John Cornyn of Texas who have made similar calls to expand renewables.But if the majority of the party of Lincoln remains ostensibly skeptical of the science surrounding climate change, it was not ever thus.FILE – The coal-fired Plant Scherer in Juliette, Ga., June 3, 2017. The Trump administration is doing away with a decades-old air emissions policy opposed by fossil fuel companies, a move that environmental groups say will result in more pollution.Rightward lurchKarolyn Bowman, a senior fellow at the conservative-leaning American Enterprise Institute told AFP that when Americans first became conscious of it in the late 1960s, environmentalism was a non-partisan cause — indeed, it was under President Richard Nixon that the Environmental Protection Agency was created. The practice of imposing taxes to reduce emissions was later used to great effect by former president George H.W. Bush, who in 1990 signed an amendment to the Clean Air Act that placed a price on sulfur dioxide to address the then-serious problem of acid rain, a wildly successful policy.But Republicans then assumed a harder tack driven by lobbying from special interest groups funded by the likes of the Koch brothers, along with the emergence of an anti-taxation wing under the Republican Congress of the 1990s and the Tea Party movement of the late 2000s.The question of what happens next is up for debate. A Trump victory in 2020 would put to rest any chance of a serious climate policy becoming law in the U.S., according to Bledsoe, even if younger Republicans are starting to care more about the issue.But David Karol, the author of “Red, Green and Blue: The Partisan Divide on Environmental Issues,” said the emergence in Congress of the bipartisan “Climate Solutions Caucus” in 2016 was an interesting development, even if some environmentalists have deemed it a way for Republican legislators to “check a box and claim to care.”“Even if that’s true, the fact that the GOP politicians felt a need to do this says something about where they think public opinion is,” Karol said.
 

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US Marines Charged in Connection With Human Smuggling Ring

Thirteen U.S. Marines arrested in July in connection with an alleged human smuggling operation in Southern California are now facing formal charges from the military.The charges range from failure to obey an order to drunkenness and theft, and include the alleged transportation of undocumented immigrants, according to a statement from the 1st Marine Division.Two of the Marines, Lance Corporal Byron Law II and Lance Corporal David Salazar-Quintero, were arrested on July 3 after border patrol agents found them picking up three illegal aliens along a stretch of Interstate 8, about 11 kilometers (7 miles) north of the U.S. border with Mexico.According to court documents, Law and Salazar-Quintero admitted to having been in contact with a recruiter, who offered to pay them for transporting the illegal immigrants from the interstate to other locations.Law told authorities he and Salazar-Quintero were never paid for the interaction, according to the complaint.A third Marine was arrested by U.S. Border Patrol a week later, on July 10.The other 10 were taken into custody during what some officials described as a sting operation July 25 at Camp Pendleton, a Marine Corps base located about 79 kilometers (49 miles) north of San Diego.In a statement following the mass arrests, the Marine Corps’ 1st Division said the regiment’s commanding officer “will act within his authority to hold the Marines accountable at the appropriate level, should they be charged.”In addition to the Marine Corps and U.S. Border Patrol, officials with the Naval Criminal Investigative Service also aided in the initial investigation.According to the Marine Corps, none of the Marines detained as part of the investigation were assigned to the U.S. military operation to support efforts to secure the U.S. southern border with Mexico.

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Bus With Chinese-Speaking Tourists Crashes in Utah; 4 Dead 

A bus carrying Chinese-speaking tourists crashed near a national park in southern Utah, killing at least four people and critically injuring up to 15 others, authorities said Friday. 
 
The morning wreck near Bryce Canyon National Park left 12 to 15 people with “very critical injuries,” the Utah Highway Patrol said on Twitter. 
 
Highway Patrol Cpl. Chris Bishop told The Associated Press that he expected the number of injured to be higher. 
 
The tour bus with 30 people aboard crashed near a highway rest stop about 7 miles (11 kilometers) from the park entrance. It’s not yet clear what caused the crash. 
 
Highway Patrol photos show the top of a white bus smashed in and one side peeling away as the vehicle rests mostly off the side of a road near a sign for restrooms. Authorities were tending to people on the road, and others stood around covered in shiny blankets, the photos show. 
 
Bishop said injured victims were sent to three hospitals. One of them, Intermountain Garfield Memorial Hospital, said it received 17 patients. 
 
A spokesman for the small hospital in the tiny town of Panguitch tweeted that three people were in critical condition, 11 in serious condition and three in fair condition. Lance Madigan said Intermountain had sent two helicopters and two planes to help transport victims. 
 
Patients also were being taken to Cedar City and St. George, Bishop said. 
 
Bryce Canyon has the world’s largest concentration of irregular columns of rock, called hoodoos, according to the National Park Service website. The park, about 300 miles (480 kilometers) south of Salt Lake City, draws more than 2 million visitors a year.   

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23 States Sue Trump to Keep California’s Auto Emission Rules

California sued Friday to stop the Trump administration from revoking its authority to set greenhouse gas emission and fuel economy standards for cars and trucks, enlisting help from 22 other states in a battle that will shape a key component of the nation’s climate policy.Federal law sets standards for how much pollution can come from cars and trucks. But since the 1970s, California has been permitted to set tougher rules because it has the most cars and struggles to meet air quality standards. On Thursday, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration withdrew California’s waiver.The NHTSA action does not take effect for 60 days, but state leaders did not wait to file a lawsuit. Democratic Gov. Gavin Newsom, who has clashed with President Donald Trump on several fronts, vowed the state “will hold the line in court to defend our children’s health, save consumers money at the pump and protect our environment.”The Trump administration’s decision does not just affect California. Thirteen other states, plus the District of Columbia, have adopted California’s standards.A spokesman for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration declined to comment on the lawsuit. But Thursday, Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao said the rules “were making cars more expensive and impeding safety because consumers were being priced out of newer, safer vehicles.””We will not let political agendas in a single state be forced upon the other 49,” Chao said.The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration said its authority to set nationwide fuel economy standards pre-empts state and local programs.California Attorney General Xavier Becerra cited a 2007 U.S. Supreme Court decision that rejected the NHTSA’s argument that greenhouse gas emission standards under the Clean Air Act interfered with its ability to set fuel economy standards.”The Oval Office is really not a place for on-the-job training. President Trump should have at least read the instruction manual he inherited when he assumed the Presidency, in particular the chapter on respecting the Rule of Law,” Becerra said in a statement.Federal regulators said the regulation would not impact California’s programs to address “harmful smog-forming vehicle emissions.”Joining California in the lawsuit are attorneys general from Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, Washington and Wisconsin.The cities of New York and Los Angeles and the District of Columbia also joined the lawsuit.The lawsuit highlighted a day of climate-related action by California leaders, which included an executive order from Newsom directing state transportation officials to consider climate goals in their planning and direct money where possible to programs that will reduce reliance on cars.Newsom’s order, issued Friday morning, also calls on pension funds for state employees and teachers to consider climate risk when making its investments. The pension fund already considers climate risk and the University of California has said it will divest its endowment and pension funds from fossil fuels.Alex Jackson of the National Resources Defense Council called the order welcome but said he’d like to see more action instead of goal-setting.

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Revelers Reach Gates of Area 51 Then Peacefully Rejoin Party

Hundreds of curious Earthlings from around the world traveled to the secret Area 51 military base in the Nevada desert after seeing an internet hoax dubbed “Storm Area 51.”About 100 made it all the way to the gates of the remote site that has long been the focus of UFO conspiracy theories.
 
A Canadian was cited for indecent exposure, but nobody broke down the gates in search of three-eyed aliens and no UFOs appeared in the sky.Police officers guard an entrance to the Nevada Test and Training Range near Area 51 near Rachel, Nevada, Sept. 20, 2019.It wasn’t long before the revelers peacefully rejoined 2,000 other people at alien-themed festivals in the tiny towns of Rachel and Hiko.As he walked away from one of the gates, 25-year-old Cyril Soudant of Lille, France, said he was disappointed at how few people were at the event.
 
He took video for his YouTube channel and said he would wait until Friday night to make his final assessment on the experience.”If we get together, have some music, have some beers, that would be a success,” Soudant said.  
 
Among the revelers was Jade Gore, who quit her job at a Dairy Queen in Worthington, Minnesota, and drove to Nevada with Tracy Ferguson. They wrote “Area 51 bound” and “Comin 4 Dem Alien Cheeks” in green paint on the windows of their car.”People were taking pictures and laughing the whole way,” said Gore, 19, who sported dyed green hair and eyebrows.  
 
Ferguson, a truck driver, said they decided to make the trip after seeing the social media post in June calling for people to converge on the remote U.S. Air Force test site.”It started as a joke and now people are getting to know each other,” said Ferguson, 23, of Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
 
Authorities expected more people to arrive throughout the day for the festivals offering music and other alien-related activities.
 
They were sternly discouraged by the military and other law enforcement from acting on the internet hoax that joking said, “They can’t stop all of us. Let’s see them aliens.”People holds signs at an entrance to the Nevada Test and Training Range near Area 51 near Rachel, Nevada, Sept. 20, 2019.A music group called Wily Savage erected a stage Thursday near the Little A’Le’Inn in Rachel and began playing after dark for several hundred campers who braved temperatures that dropped to about 45 degrees (7 Celsius).”It started as a joke, but it’s not a joke for us,” Wily Savage guitarist Alon Burton said. “We know people will come out. We just don’t know how many.”Daniel Martinez, 31, a dealer of Pokemon collectible cards from Pomona, California, was among the first to whirl and dance at the dusty makeshift festival grounds. He stayed warm beneath a wolf “spirit hood” and faux fur jacket.”Here’s a big open space for people to be,” he said. “One person starts something and it infects everybody with positivity. Anything can happen if you give people a place to be.”Another gathering was planned Friday and Saturday at the Alien Research Center souvenir store in Hiko. Owner George Harris said his “Alien Basecamp” would focus on music, movies and talks about extraterrestrial lore.Hiko and Rachel are a 45-minute drive apart on a state road dubbed Extraterrestrial Highway, and a two-hour drive from Las Vegas.Michael Ian Borer, a University of Nevada, Las Vegas, sociologist who researches pop culture and paranormal activity, called the festivities a blend of interest in aliens, the supernatural, government conspiracies and the desire to know what is unknown.”Area 51 is a place where normal, ordinary citizens can’t go. When you tell people they can’t do something, they just want to do it more,” Borer said.

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Trump Renews Threat to Dump IS Fighters at Europe’s Border

U.S. President Donald Trump on Friday renewed threats to dump captured Islamic State fighters on Europe’s doorstep if countries there continue to refuse to take back all their foreign fighters. 
 
Trump said he was continuing with plans to draw down forces in Syria, saying the U.S. had done the world a big favor by eliminating the terror group’s self-declared caliphate and that it was time for other countries to step up. 
 
“We’re asking them to take back these prisoners of war,” Trump told reporters during a meeting with Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison in the Oval Office at the White House. 
 
“They’ve refused,” he added. “And at some point I’m going to have to say, ‘I’m sorry, but you’re either taking them back or we’re going to let them go at your border.’ ” 
 
This is not the first time Trump has chastised Washington’s European allies over the issue of IS foreign fighters. 
 
In February, after tweeting that the IS caliphate was “ready to fall,” the president took allies to task over their reluctance to repatriate the captured fighters:The United States is asking Britain, France, Germany and other European allies to take back over 800 ISIS fighters that we captured in Syria and put them on trial. The Caliphate is ready to fall. The alternative is not a good one in that we will be forced to release them……..— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) February 17, 2019According to the latest U.S. estimates, the coalition-backed Syrian Democratic Forces are still holding more than 2,000 foreign fighters in makeshift prisons in northeastern Syria, along with thousands other IS fighters from Syria and Iraq. 
 
U.S. and SDF officials have warned that attempted jailbreaks have become common, as many of the facilities, designed to serve as temporary prisons, have been pushed to their limits. 
 
“This is not sustainable,” Chris Maier, director of the Pentagon’s Defeat IS Task Force, told reporters Wednesday at the Pentagon. “There are not prisons controlled by forces in northeast Syria that can house 10,000 ISIS fighters.” 
But despite repeated calls by the U.S. and by the political wing of the SDF for countries to repatriate citizens and residents who left to fight for the terror group, the number of prisoners has remained fairly steady. 
 
“We ask for their countries to get them back. Nobody responds,” Sinam Mohammed, the U.S. representative of the Syrian Democratic Council (SDC), said last week. 
 Cuban facilitySome U.S. officials and lawmakers have floated the idea that some of the IS fighters could be moved to a facility like the one in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, built after the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks to hold terrorists and fighters aligned with al-Qaida. 
 
But Trump on Friday rejected the idea. 
 
“The United States is not going to have thousands and thousands of people that we have captured stationed at Guantanamo Bay, held captive at Guantanamo Bay, for the next 50 years, and us spending billions and billions of dollars,” he said. 
 
“They can try them, do whatever they want,” the president said of the European countries. “If they don’t take them back, we’ll probably put them at the border and then they’ll have to capture them again.” 

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США посилили санкції проти Ірану через напад на нафтові об’єкти Саудівської Аравії

Сполучені Штати запровадили новий етап санкцій проти Ірану, в тому числі проти його центрального банку та фонду національного добробуту, у зв’язку з нападами на нафтову інфраструктуру Саудівської Аравії, в яких Ріяд та Вашингтон звинувачують Тегеран.

Президент США Дональд Трамп, розповідаючи про санкції журналістам 20 вересня, назвав їх «санкціями найвищого рівня, коли-небудь запровадженими проти будь-якої країни».

Згідно з повідомленням Казначейства США, санкції спрямовані на Центральний банк Ірану, Національний фонд розвитку Ірану, а також компанію Etemad Tejarate Pars, що базується в цій країні.

У Казначействі назвали установи, проти яких запровадили нові санкції, основними джерелами фінансування «маріонеток і терористичних відгалужень», до яких віднесли зокрема організацію «Корпус вартових ісламської революції», її військовий підрозділ «Кудс» та збройний рух «Хезболла», який діє в Лівані.

Читайте також: Помпео: США прагнуть «мирного вирішення» кризи з Іраном​

Казначейство застерегло інші країни від порушення накладених на Іран санкцій.

Причиною санкцій Вашингтона стали атаки безпілотників на нафтопереробні заводи концерну Saudi Aramco в Саудівській Аравії.

14 вересня безпілотники обстріляли два нафтопереробні заводи. Відповідальність взяли на себе єменські повстанці-хусити, пов’язані з Іраном. У Держдепартаменті США в нападі звинуватили Тегеран. Іран звинувачення відкидає.

Саудівська Аравія, яка вважається найбільшим експортером нафти в світі, удвічі знизила добовий видобуток. Ціни на сировину різко зросли. Вартість нафти марки Brent збільшилася майже на 14% – до 70 доларів за барель.

Президент США Дональд Трамп розпорядився при необхідності використовувати нафтові резерви країни для стабілізації ситуації.

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